As the intensity of exercise increases so does the risk of something nasty happening. We will look at the information you must gather to enable you to exercise safely and effectively.
The Stress Response
All exercise involves some increase in stress on the systems of the body, this is what creates the fatigue, which is then ‘repaired and adapted to’ in order for (ideally) positive progress to be made.
Because exercise involves introducing some level of stress, to cause change, any underlying health issue, your condition on that day (for example if you are; dehydrated, already stressed, ill or under-recovered), or an exercise program that is too hard for your capabilities can be problematic.
For this reason, our staff here at Synergy always gathers sufficient health related information about our clients, and we continuously observe and act on any unexpected responses that occur during or after your training.
Know Your Risk Factors
Measurable risk factors such as blood pressure, cholesterol, body fat percentage and blood glucose levels are recorded more often as we get older. This is because our risk of disease increases as we age. Risk factors are recorded so that diseases such as diabetes and heart disease can be detected as early as possible. This allows treatments such as lifestyle changes and drug treatments to be started quickly, increasing a person’s chances of preventing the disease from becoming more serious or life threatening.
There are modifiable factors (things we can change) and non-modifiable factors (things we can’t change) that need to be considered when assessing risk. Knowing these in advance to starting an exercise regime or personal training will be important. 
Modifiable factors to consider
Non-modifiable factors to consider
All increase the risk of the common diseases mentioned within this folder.
Higher risk for older, history of poor health, male, history of related family members with similar disease
Regular exercise can reduce the risk and symptoms of more than 20 physical and mental health conditions, and can also slow down how quickly your body ages.
A review of research, which summarized the findings of 40 papers published between 2006 and 2010, found that exercise affects conditions including cancer, heart disease, dementia, stroke, type 2 diabetes, depression, obesity and high blood pressure.
Exercise can help you to lose weight, it’s one of its most widely known benefits, but it offers disease protection far beyond that. So, whether you are overweight or not, exercise needs to be a part of your lifestyle if you want to achieve optimal health.
Regular exercise, even when initiated late in life, can help slow down the aging process so you’ll be less likely to suffer from chronic disease or disability, and more likely to be fit and trim, agile, mobile and happy, even as you get older. 
Click the links below to read more about Risk Factors and Exercise!! http://www.ptdirect.com/training-delivery/client-assessment/risk-factors-and-exercise  http://fitness.mercola.com/sites/fitness/archive/2010/12/09/regular-exercise-reduces-large-number-of-health-risks.aspx
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This post was written by kimber