How Physical Activity Affects Chronic Conditions

A ‘‘Chronic condition or disease’’ is defined as a disease that is slow in its progress and long in its continuance [1]. The physiological mechanisms underlying these diseases have usually been active long before a particular person is outwardly affected. Epidemiological data have established that physical inactivity increases the incidence of at least 17 unhealthy conditions, almost all of which are chronic diseases or considered risk factors for chronic diseases. [2]

In the medical world, it is traditional to prescribe the evidence-based treatment known to be the most effective and entailing the fewest side effects or risks. The evidence suggests that in selected cases exercise therapy is just as effective as medical treatment – and in special situations more effective – or adds to the effect. [3]

For example:

  • Heart disease. Regular exercise can help improve your heart health. Recent studies have shown that interval training is often tolerated well in people with heart disease, and it can produce significant benefits.
  • Diabetes. Regular exercise can help insulin more effectively lower your blood sugar level. Physical activity also can help you control your weight and boost your energy.
  • Asthma. Often, exercise can help control the frequency and severity of asthma attacks.
  • Back pain. Regular low-impact aerobic activities can increase strength and endurance in your back and improve muscle function. Abdominal and back muscle exercises (core-strengthening exercises) may help reduce symptoms by strengthening the muscles around your spine.
  • Arthritis. Exercise can reduce pain, help maintain muscle strength in affected joints and reduce joint stiffness. [4]

Our Med Fit program is a great way to enhance your recovery, increase strength and flexibility, as well as, prevent future injury. Med Fit focuses on the prevention and management of chronic diseases such as; diabetes, obesity, and musculoskeletal health to name a few. Our programs are unique, suited for all ages, diagnoses, and are designed to assist patients in their transition into an independent strength, conditioning, and wellness program.

We have several packages to choose from that will fit into almost any budget ,while still receiving the highest quality of care. All packages will have the professional guidance of an Exercise Physiologist, Nationally Certified Personal Trainer, or Licensed Athletic Trainer to create a structured exercise program to ensure safety and your continued success.

Synergy’s very own Exercise Physiologist, Liz, analyzes patients’ fitness levels to help improve their health. Additionally she helps patients with heart disease and chronic conditions, like diabetes, arthritis, and pulmonary conditions to regain their health. Here at Synergy all of our highly certified staff are able to help contribute to improving our client’s quality and longevity of life living with these conditions.

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[1] Saunders (1974) Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary (25th ed.). Philadelphia, PA
[2] Booth F. W. et al. (2000) Waging war on modern chronic diseases: primary prevention through exercise biology.
Journal of Applied Physiology 88 (2) 774-787
[3] Pedersen, B. K. and Saltin, B. (2006), Evidence for prescribing exercise as therapy in chronic disease. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 16: 3–63
[4] Mayo Clinic Staff. (2015, June 20). Exercise and chronic disease: Get the facts. Retrieved February 16, 2017, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/…/exercise-and-chro…/art-20046049/